You might have come across eye-catching Talavera objects with astonishing designs but do you know exactly what makes them so special? The most obvious answer is the impressive art decorations but the process behind these pieces requires knowledge that has been passed through generations.
One of the oldest pottery houses is located in the city of Puebla and was established in 1824. Uriarte Talavera is the largest Talavera manufacturer in Latin America whose art can be found in different regions around the globe. Every piece sold by them has gone through a long process of elaboration and is completely unique.
What makes this form of art so unique is that the elaboration process is based on knowledge passed from generation to generation recorded in particular communities that consider ‘Talavera’ to be part of their heritage and identity. As a result, this form of art is hard to copy. It requires knowledge and experience that machines or factories lack, ultimately making it a product at a low risk of being displaced.
- Clay Preparation: A combination of black and white clay is made.
- Molding: Potters shape the pieces. They’re careful during the drying process to make sure that it’s even and all pieces are the same.
- Baking: After drying the pieces, they are baked at 1,200 degrees Celsius for 10 hours.
- Enamel: Pieces are left to dry for 24 to 48 hours; When they begin to turn white, the enamel is put by hand with a mule hair brush.
- Stencil: This is a technique used to decorate surfaces that consists of stamping a pattern using a thin sheet of cardboard, plastic, or metal.
- Decoration: The final step can consist of using cobalt blue color to decorate without following patterns and the colored decoration that uses pre-established patterns.