The xoloitzcuincle or also known as xoloescuintle is an endemic canine of the American continent and particularly of Mexico. This noble dog was the favorite companion of the Mexica. However, since the Colony it has faced various problems such as the extinction.
The xoloitzcuintle is a practically hairless canine breed with an average life span of 12-14 years. Is originally from Mexico, this dog is known for his close relationship with the Mexican culture.
On August 12, 2016, the Government of Mexico City declared the xoloitzcuintle dog as a “cultural heritage and symbol” of Mexico City.
This dog has peculiarities such as lack of hair and the early loss of its teeth make it unique; Since ancient times it was used to treat rheumatic ailments by letting it sleep on the affected area and it was an excellent company for asthmatic people.
This particular breed of dogs has been venerated since pre-Hispanic times, since it was the belief at that time that these beautiful animals were guardians of the spirits, who guided the souls of the deceased through the long and difficult road through Mictlán, the city of the dead.
It was believed that the main function of the Xoloitzcuintles was to help the souls pass through a deep and mighty river that runs through the land of the dead.
After the Mexican Revolution, the image of the xoloitzcuintle was adopted by artists such as Frida Kahlo, Diego Rivera, Rufino Tamayo and Raúl Anguiano as one of the nationalist symbols that tried to recover the Mexican identity, “Europeanized” during the Porfiriato.
This beautiful dog is one more reason to come to know the wonderful culture of Mexico and its people.